As we age, our blood vessels hardens. Atherosclerosis is becoming more and more common, and there is a trend toward younger people with atherosclerosis due to stressful life, which may lead to various diseases if they do not sleep well for a long time and do not maintain a good diet and rest habits.

The plaque is built up on the sides of the artery walls and which restricts the blood flow

What is the reason for this?

The main cause of which is the presence of many plaques in the blood vessels. When our blood is flowing, a part of the substance like platelets will be deposited. So as long as the blood is flowing, there will be some substances left on the blood vessels. These substances keep depositing and plaques are formed. The organs in the body will also experience ischemia. There are several factors that can increase your chance of developing this condition over time.

  • Smoking and using tobacco products.
  • Having obesity.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
  • High Cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Age Factor

Symptoms of carotid artery stenosis

  • Sudden weakness
  • Sudden paralysis of an arm or leg on one side of the body
  • Loss of coordination
  • Confusion, decreased ability to concentrate, dizziness, fainting, or headache
  • Numbness in the face or in an arm or leg
  • Blurred vision
  • Slurred speech

The wire like mesh is placed inside the arteries to regulate blood flow

Lifestyle changes are an important part of treatment. Be guided by your doctor.

  • Manage risk factors, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, as advised by your doctor.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat a low-fat, high-fiber diet.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Take all medications strictly as prescribed.
  • See your doctor for regular check-ups.
  • See your doctor if you have symptoms in the affected body part such as redness, warmth and swelling.

Healthcare providers perform a procedure called angioplasty to treat coronary artery disease (CAD). During an angioplasty, they may place stents (tiny wire mesh tubes) to open the blocked arteries due to CAD.

Procedure for putting stent in the arteries:

1. Stent with balloon is placed on partially blocked arteries

2. Then the balloon is inflated to expand stents

3. Balloon is removed from the expanded stent

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